Advertisement

Effect of Administration of Bifidobacteria and Lactic Acid Bacteria to Newborn Calves and Piglets

      This paper is only available as a PDF. To read, Please Download here.

      Abstract

      The effect of oral administration of bifidobacteria and lactic acid bacteria on newborn livestock was investigated. Oral administration of Bifidobacterium pseudolongum or Lactobacillus acidophilus to calves improved BW gain and feed conversion over that of untreated controls. The frequency of diarrhea occurrence was decreased in the group fed probiotics. However, there was no significant difference between calves administered B. pseudolongum and those administered L. acidophilus. Under conditions of feeding without antibiotics, the frequency of diarrhea was decreased markedly by administration of probiotics. The BW gain of piglets was significantly greater during both the suckling and weaning periods for the group fed probiotics than for the control group. That effect was more evident during the suckling period than during the weaning period. Under conditions of feeding without antibiotics, the frequency of piglet mortality was decreased markedly by administration of probiotics. The probiotics tested here had useful effects, including improved BW gain, feed conversion, and fecal condition of both newborn calves and piglets.

      Key words

      Abbreviation key:

      DCP (digestible CP), MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration)

      References

        • Fuller R.
        Probiotics in man and animals.
        J. Appl. Bacteriol. 1989; 66: 365
        • Gilliland S.E.
        • Bruce B.B.
        • Bush L.J.
        • Staley T.E.
        Comparison of two strains of Lactobacillus acidophilus as dietary adjuncts for young calves.
        J. Dairy Sci. 1980; 63: 964
      1. Reference deleted in proof.

      2. Reference deleted in proof.

        • Han I.K.
        • Kim J.D.
        • Lee J.H.
        • Lee S.C.
        • Kim T.H.
        • Kwag J.H.
        Studies on the growth promoting effects of probiotics. The effects of Clostridium butyricum ID on the performance and the changes in the microbial flora of the faeces of growing pigs.
        Korean J. Anim. Sci. 1984; 26: 166
        • Han I.K.
        • Lee S.C.
        • Lee J.H.
        • Kim J.D.
        • Jung P.K.
        • Lee J.C.
        Studies on the growth promoting effects of probiotics. The effects of Clostridium butyricum ID on the performance and the changes in the microbial flora of the faeces and intestinal contents of the broiler chicks.
        Korean J. Anim. Sci. 1984; 26: 158
        • Houghton S.B.
        • Fuller R.
        • Coates M.E.
        Correlation of growth depression of chicks with the presence of Streptococcus faecium in the gut.
        J. Appl. Bacteriol. 1981; 51: 113
        • Jenny B.R.
        • Vandijk H.J.
        • Collins J.A.
        Performance and fecal flora of calves fed a Bacillus subtilis concentrate.
        J. Dairy Sci. 1991; 74: 1968
        • Kimura N.
        • Yoshikane M.
        • Kobayashi A.
        • Mitsuoka T.
        An application of dried bifidobacteria preparation to scouring animals.
        Bifidobacteria Microflora. 1983; 2: 41
        • Mayra-Makinen A.
        • Manninen M.
        • Gyllenberg H.
        The adherence of lactic acid bacteria to the columnar epithelial cells of pigs and calves.
        J. Appl. Bacteriol. 1983; 55: 241
        • Mitsuoka T.
        Velgleichende untersuchngen uber die Bifidobakterien aus dem verdauungstrakt von menschen und tieren.
        Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenk. Infektioskr. Hyg. Abt. 1. Orig. 1969; A210: 52
        • Mitsuoka T.
        • Hayakawa N.
        The composition of the fecal flora of different age groups. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. 1 ABT Orig.
        A Med. Mikrobiol. Infektionskr. Parasitol. 1974; 223: 333
        • Mitsuoka T.
        • Kaneuchi C.
        Ecology of the bifidobacteria.
        Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 1977; 30: 1799
        • Morrill J.L.
        • Dayton A.D.
        • Mickelsen R.
        Cultured milk and antibiotics for young calves.
        J. Dairy Sci. 1977; 60: 1105
        • Muralidhara K.S.
        • Sheggeby G.G.
        • Elliker P.R.
        • England D.C.
        • Sandine W.E.
        Effect of feeding lactobacilli on the coliform and lactobacillus flora of intestinal tissue and feces from piglets.
        J. Food Prot. 1977; 40: 288
        • Namioka S.
        • Sasaki T.
        • Maeda Y.
        Immunopotentiation of the small intestine of weaning piglets by peptidoglycan derived from Bifidobacterium thermophilum.
        Bifidobacteria Microflora. 1991; 10: 1
        • Norin K.E.
        • Persson A.
        • Saxerholt H.
        • Midtvedt T.
        Establishment of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium species in germfree mice and their influence of some microflora-associated characteristics.
        Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 1991; 57: 1850
        • Ochi Y.
        • Mitsuoka T.
        Studies on lactobacilli.
        Jpn. J. Vet. Sci. 1958; 20: 71
        • Ozawa K.
        • Yabu-uchi K.
        • Yamanaka K.
        • Ymashita Y.
        • Nomura S.
        • Oku I.
        Effect of Streptococcus faecalis BIO-4R on intestinal flora of weanling piglets and calves.
        Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 1983; 45: 1513
        • Pollmann D.S.
        • Danielson D.M.
        • Peo Jr., E.R.
        Effects of microbial feed additives on performance of starter and growing-finishing pigs.
        J. Anim. Sci. 1980; 51: 577
        • Pollmann D.S.
        • Danielson D.M.
        • Peo Jr., E.R.
        • Shahani K.M.
        Influence of Lactobacillus acidophilus inoculum on gnotobiotic and conventional pigs.
        J. Anim. Sci. 1980; 51: 629
        • Pollmann D.S.
        • Danielson D.M.
        • Peo Jr., E.R.
        Effect of Lactobacillus acidophilus on starter pigs fed a diet supplemented with lactose.
        J. Anim. Sci. 1980; 51: 638
        • Rasic J.L.
        • Kurmann J.A.
        Bifidobacteria and Their Role.
        Birkhauser Verlag., Basel, Switzerland1983
        • Schwab C.G.
        • Moore III., J.J.
        • Hoyt P.M.
        • Prentice J.L.
        Performance and fecal flora of calves fed a nonviable Lactobacillus bulgaricus fermentation product.
        J. Dairy Sci. 1980; 63: 1423
        • Tissier H.
        Le Bacterium coli et la reaction chromophile d’Escherich.
        C. R. Acad. Sci. 1899; 51: 943
        • Yamazaki S.
        • Tsuyuki S.
        • Akashina H.
        • Kamimura H.
        • Kimura M.
        • Kawashima T.
        • Ueda K.
        Immune response of Bifidobacterium-monoassociated mice.
        Bifidobacteria Microflora. 1991; 10: 19
        • Zani G.
        • Biavaltik B.
        • Crociani F.
        • Matteuzzi D.
        Bifidobacterium from the faces of piglets.
        J. Appl. Bacteriol. 1974; 37: 537