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Graduate Student Literature Review: Serotonin and calcium metabolism: A story unfolding*

Published:September 13, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2021-20610

      ABSTRACT

      The peripartum period is characterized by dynamic shifts in metabolic, mineral, and immune metabolism as the dairy cow adapts to the demands of lactation. Emphasis over the past decade has been placed on understanding the biology of the large shift in calcium metabolism in particular. Moreover, research has also focused on exploring the role of serotonin during the transition period and lactation and further unraveling its relationship with calcium. This review aimed to demonstrate the integration of calcium physiology during the peripartal period and throughout lactation. More specifically, we sought to discuss the knowledge gained in recent years on calcium metabolism, mammary calcium transport, serotonin metabolism, and the serotonin-calcium axis. Herein we also discuss the challenges and limitations of current research and where that leaves the present understanding of the serotonin-calcium axis as we seek to move forward and continue exploring this interesting relationship.

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