Research-article| Volume 72, ISSUE 10, P2532-2539, October 1989

Prediction of Duodenal Nitrogen Supply from Degradation or Organic and Nitrogenous Matter In Situ

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      The contribution of different feedstuffs to nitrogen reaching the duodenum was evaluated in situ. Dacron bags containing barley grain, corn grain, wheat silage, corn silage, alfalfa hay, rye grass, whole cottonseeds, or soybean meal were suspended in the rumens of three dairy cows fed roughage and concentrate diets. The effective degradability of the nitrogenous and organic matter of feedstuffs was calculated from their residues after incubation in the rumen for 3, 6, 9, 12, 24, 36, or 48 h. The duodenal nitrogen content at ruminal outflows of 2, 5, or 8%/h was calculated as the sum of undegradable dietary nitrogen and potential microbial nitrogen (assuming 32 g N/kg ruminally degradable organic matter). Comparison of the in situ estimates with previously reported in vivo measurements of duodenal nitrogen in cattle fed diets with similar ingredients to the tested feedstuffs yielded a linear relationship (r2 = .887). The dacron bag technique appears to hold promise for the prediction of nitrogen flow to the duodenum.


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