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Hay crops that were predominately alfalfa, clover or grass, and silage corn were harvested at early and late maturities to give a wide range in fiber contents. Hay crops were stored as field-cured hay and wilted silage. Each was fed for ad libitum intake to three or more nonlactating digestibility and calorimetry to measure DM intake, TDN, digestible energy, and metabolizable energy. Various fiber components (ADF, NDF, lignin), and expressions computed from them, were used to estimate TDN and digestible energy of forages or groups of forages having homogenous relationships. Stepwise backward elimination procedure was employed to discard independent variables or their squared terms at 5% probability to develop significant, biologically sound, practical predictive relationships. Standard NRC equations were used to extend energy densities to NEL. Free choice DM intake of forages (fed alone) was not closely related to NDF percentages. Estimates of NEL generally were higher when computed via TDN as opposed to digestible energy or metabolizable energy, which did not differ. We present equations to predict NEL from ADF via digestible energy for legumes, grasses, and corn silage, which differ markedly, in some cases, from those m current use. Equations for grasses had low r2, but these could not be compared with published ones, which apparently are based on treatment means rather than individual-animal observations. The NEL of hay crops and corn silages also were predicted from an expression of lignified NDF in DM with moderate precision.
Abbreviation Key:ADL (acid detergent lignin), CWC (cell wall constituents), DDM (digestible dry matter), DE (digestible energy), EE (ether extract), HAYK (hay constant), LIG (lignin), LIGNDF (lignified NDF [% DM]), ME (metabolizable energy), NDS (neutral detergent solubles), NDSMP (neutral detergent solubles minus crude protein), NEDHIC (Northeast Dairy Herd Improvement Cooperative), NSC (nonstructural carbohydrates), pr2 (pooled r2), TEB (total energy balance)
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Accepted: October 26, 1990
Received: August 6, 1990
© 1991 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc.
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