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Development and Evaluation of a Minicolumn Assay for the Detection of Aflatoxin M1 in Milk

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      Abstract

      A practical field method for the chemiselective immobilization and detection of aflatoxin M1 in milk has been developed and is being marketed. In this new method, aflatoxin M1 is selectively adsorbed at the interface of a layer of neutral sand and a band of magnesium silicate (Florisil) packed in a glass minicolumn. Aflatoxin M1, at ≥.5 ppb in contaminated milk, can be easily visualized as a band of bright blue fluorescence. Briefly, raw or homogenized and pasteurized milk is diluted with water (1:1, vol/vol) and passed through a C18 cartridge. Aflatoxin M1 is then partitioned by polarity, eluted with acetone-methylene chloride, and added to the minicolumn. The minicolumn is washed and viewed under long wave UV light. The limit of detection for this assay was .2 ppb, which was similar to the .3 ppb obtained using an immunoaffinity column, followed by minicolumn detection. The assay was accurate, rapid, easy to perform, and stable.

      Key words

      Abbreviation key:

      AF (aflatoxin (used with B1, M1, and Q1)), CSID-M1 (chemiselective immobilization and detection of AFM1), LD50 (median lethal dose)

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