Article| Volume 80, ISSUE 8, P1751-1754, August 1997

Body Weight Gain, Feed Efficiency, and Fecal Scores of Dairy Calves in Response to Galactosyl-Lactose or Antibiotics in Milk Replacers

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      Holstein bull calves (n = 96) were purchased at approximately 7 d of age and were assigned to receive 400, 450, 500, and 550 g/d of milk replacer solids during wk 1 to 4, respectively. Treatments were nonmedicated milk replacer plus dried whey, medicated milk replacer (138 mg/kg of oxytetracycline and 276 mg/kg of neomycin) plus dried whey, or nonmedicated milk replacer plus whey processed with β-galactosidase to contain 15% galactosyl-lactose. Processed whey was added to provide 1% of dry matter as galactosyl-lactose; an equivalent amount of dried whey was added to the other treatments to provide 6.3% of dry matter daily. Intake of milk replacer and fecal scores were measured daily. No calf starter or hay was fed. Body weights were measured weekly from arrival to 26 d. Serum immunoglobulin G, measured 1 d after arrival, averaged 18.3 g/L. Intake of milk replacer plus additive during the 26-d study was 445 g/d and did not vary with treatment. Body weight and body weight gain were increased by 52 and 72 g/d in response to antibiotics and galactosyl-lactose, respectively. Severity of scours and number of days scouring tended to be reduced when calves were fed milk replacer containing galactosyl-lactose or antibiotics.

      Key words

      Abbreviation Key:

      GL (galactosyl-lactose), MR (milk replacer), MRAB (MR containing antibiotics), MRGL (MR containing GL)


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